Academy of Ancient Languages

Online Resources for Learning
Ancient Languages

Learn to Read New Testament Greek
Course text by David Alan Black (Broadman & Holman, 1994)

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Lesson 3
Present and Future Active Indicative

Paradigm Learning Example

Click here (requires Macromedia Flash Player).

Terms to Note:

  • conjugation
  • connecting vowel
  • future time morpheme
  • present active principal part
  • future active principal part
  • internal subject, external subject
  • movable "nu"
  • allomorph
  • simple present, progressive present, historical present
  • gnomic future
  • copula, copulative verb
  • enclitic
  • parse

Nuance of Tense

Black (section 22, pg. 19) mentions various uses of the present and future tenses. For a more extensive list of present tense nuances, download the file:

Nuance of Tense in Present Indicative Greek Verbs - pdf / doc

Vocabulary Pronuncation

Click in left column to hear the word pairs. Click right areas for word groups.

 

Translation Exercises

Download the exercises in pdf (print only) or doc (editable) format.

  1. Listen to each exercise in Greek; click on the speaker symbol -
  2. In the text box, type in your English translation of the Greek.
  3. Check your translation into English; place the mouse on the arrow -

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