Academy of Ancient Languages

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Ancient Languages

Learn to Read New Testament Greek
Course text by David Alan Black (Broadman & Holman, 1994)

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Lesson 6
Adjectives of the First and Second
Declensions

Additional Reading

For additional information about adjectives, and a look ahead at comparatives and superlatives, read Chapter 4 of Black's It's Still Greek to Me. There are numerous examples in Greek - again, don't worry about trying to read them at this stage. Just get a feel for the overall content of the chapter.

Terms to Note:

  • adjective
  • three-termination adjective
  • two-termination adjective
  • compound adjective
  • consonant stem adjective
  • epsilon, iota, rho stem adjective
  • attributive adjective
  • ascriptive attributive position
  • restrictive attributive position
  • predicate adjective
  • predicate position
  • substantival adjective
  • grammatical/phonetic agreement
  • indefinite construction

Simple Rule for Adjectives with Nouns

Given a noun with the definite article:

If the article immediately precedes the adjective associated with the noun,
   the adjective is attributive.

If there is no article before the adjective associated with the noun,
   the adjective is predicate.

Vocabulary Pronuncation

Click in a section to hear the words in that section.

NOTE: In some cases the accent of the word undergoes a shift. You will notice this particularly in the feminine forms. The rule for this accent shift is given in Black, section 184, pg. 197, 1c. The long final eta moves the accent from the antepenult syllable (3rd from last) to the penult syllable (2nd from last).

A. Consonant root adjectives

B. epsilon, iota, rho stem adjectives

C. Two-termination adjectives

Translation Exercises

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Pronunciation of Exercises

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Notes to Translation Exercises

6. Note the kai...kai construction (Vocabulary, Black, pg. 30).

10. Who is first? Who is last?

11. Note the plural neuter object: agatha ("good things").

14. Same construction as no. 10.

17. How this exercise similar to and different from nos. 10 and 14?

18. In the phrase on the second line, the verb in the first line is implied.